We are in the thick of the holiday season and, like a lot of families this year, you’ve probably filled the week between Christmas and Hanukkah and New Year’s with lots of family get-togethers and events. Having the entire family together under one roof to celebrate can be a wonderful, memory-making experience for young and old alike.
And, although it can be an uncomfortable topic, while everyone is gathered together it is also an excellent time to discuss with your family your wishes should you become critically ill.
Having a plan in place should you become incapacitated enables a trusted person to arrange care according to your wishes. These advance directives may specify medical treatment you will consent to or refuse, name a surrogate decision-maker, or both. It’s a gift that will help your loved ones at a very stressful time and help to avert confusion and conflict within the family.
A Health Care Proxy names a health care agent to make decisions for you when you can’t make them yourself. It also allows you to specify such major issues as what types of treatments you want and if you want life support.
The agent can be anyone over 18. You can give them general authority or limit it to certain situations. You may state if you will donate your organs and tissues after death. You don’t need a lawyer or notary for witnesses, just two other adults. You can revise or cancel your directives at any time.
A Living Will details your health care wishes, especially about end-of-life care. However, some living wills do NOT include naming a health care agent, and therefore don’t designate anyone as being in charge. You can get a template (and which includes naming an agent) from the New York State Bar Association.
Other types of advance directives include: expressed oral or written intentions by a patient with capacity; and durable power of attorney, which is a legal document empowering a designated person to act on another person’s behalf.
Don’t confuse the documents above with a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order. The DNR only tells medical personnel NOT to use cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if your heart or lungs stop working properly.
In addition, New York state residents should be aware of an alternative DNR form known as the Medical Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment (MOLST).
MOLST is a physician order form for patients and other health care providers to discuss and convey a patient’s end-of-life care preferences regarding CPR, mechanical ventilation and other life-sustaining treatment. The pink, single-sheet NYS MOLST form can be transported with the patient between different health care settings (EMS, hospital, nursing homes, etc.) in order for the patient’s wishes to be clearly indicated.