[This story was written by Rebecca Keim, MD, FACS, a hepatobiliary, pancreatic and general surgeon with St. Peter’s Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Surgery, and St. Peter’s Hospital Advanced Endoscopy & Hepatobiliary Center.]
Each November we recognize Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month, using the opportunity to educate everyone on one of the deadliest major cancers.
In its early stages, pancreas cancer may only cause vague or unexplained symptoms, often advancing through stages undetected. For this reason, once detected, it has the lowest five-year cancer survival rate of just nine percent.
Currently, there is no early detection test available to diagnose pancreas cancer. But, a patient’s chance of survival can potentially increase tenfold if their cancer is diagnosed in time for surgery – making early detection paramount.
So, how well do you really know your pancreas? Would you recognize early signs and symptoms of pancreas cancer in yourself or a loved one?
- If you experience one or more of the symptoms below recurrently, contact your health care provider.
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and/or eyes) and itching of the skin
- Dark urine and clay-colored stools
- Loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss
- Nausea and vomiting
- Severe pain or discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen or upper back
- Fatigue and weakness
- Recent-onset diabetes
Diagnosis and Treatment
Pancreas cancer is usually diagnosed with imaging studies (MRI or a CT scan) after the onset of symptoms. Advanced endoscopic techniques are then used to further evaluate and obtain biopsies of the pancreas.
When pancreas cancer is caught in its earliest stages, surgery, combined with multi-modality therapy including chemotherapy and radiation, offers the best chance of long-term survival. Molecular profiling of tumors to look for genetic alterations is often performed to look for therapeutic targets and allow for personalized treatment options. Surgery may be performed laparoscopically, robotically, or via traditional open incisions.
Researchers are still working to understand the exact causes of pancreas cancer. But studies have identified factors that could potentially increase an individual’s risk of developing the disease.
- A family history of pancreas cancer
- Long-standing diabetes (five years or more)
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Certain pre-malignant pancreatic cysts
Prevention and Surveillance
If you have a strong family history of pancreas cancer (mother, father, sibling or child who has had pancreas cancer), surveillance through imaging or endoscopy may be appropriate.
If you think you may be at risk for developing pancreas cancer, you should discuss your unique risk factors with your health care provider. Your provider can help determine your actual risk and eligibility for a screening program of genetic counseling.
At St. Peter’s Hospital Advanced Endoscopy & Hepatobiliary Center, we offer access to the latest, advanced diagnostic and treatment options for pancreas cancer. Our physicians work together as a highly specialized team from oncology, surgery, radiation oncology, radiology, pathology, and gastroenterology. This multidisciplinary approach allows us to tailor treatment plans to the unique needs of each patient.
For more information on pancreas cancer and the treatment options available, call us at (518) 525-5206.